Although there are 747,706 Catholics in the state, the majority of Hoosiers belong to one of the several Protestant groups. With 355,043 members, the United Methodist Church was the largest Protestant denomination in 2010. [132] According to research conducted by the Graduate Center at the City University of New York, 20% of people in the city identify as Catholic, 14% as Baptist, 10% as other Christians, 9% as Methodist, and 6% as Lutheran. Research indicated that 16% of people have no religious affiliation.

The Benedictine St. Meinrad Archabbey, one of only two Catholic archabbeys in the United States and 11 worldwide, is located in Indiana. One of the two seminaries owned by the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod is located in Fort Wayne.

In Winona Lake, the Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches operates offices and a publishing company. The Church of the United Brethren in Christ is based in Huntington. The Church of God's corporate offices is located in Anderson. The Missionary Church's main office is in Fort Wayne.

The Earlham School of Religion, the oldest Quaker seminary in the United States, and the Friends United Meeting, the largest branch of American Quakerism, are both located in Richmond. Plainfield is home to the Islamic Society of North America's main office.



A 100-member House of Representatives and a 50-member Senate make up the Indiana General Assembly. The Chamber of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly, and the Senate is its upper house.  Within the state government, the General Assembly is the only body having legislative authority. Legislation can be introduced by both the Senate and the House, with the caveat that the Senate is not allowed to do so for legislation that will have an impact on revenue. Each chamber debates and approves bills individually, but they need to pass both houses in order to be sent to the governor.  The Senate and House of Representatives must be fully populated in order for the legislature to override the governor's veto.

The Court of Appeals is made up of 15 justices, and there are five judges on the Indiana Supreme Court. Judges for the supreme and appeals courts are chosen by the governor from a list of candidates chosen by a special panel. The electorate must back the judges for a 10-year term after they have served for two years. The Supreme Court can only consider matters that are petitioned to it after being tried by subordinate courts because it lacks original jurisdiction in almost all situations. The majority of cases are tried in local circuit courts, where the jury renders a verdict after a trial.

The 92 counties that make up the state are governed by a board of county commissioners. In Indiana, each of the 90 counties has a circuit court with a judge who is elected to a six-year term. Ohio and Dearborn, the last two counties, are united into one circuit. In addition to the circuit court, many counties also run superior courts. Separate courts have been established to only hear juvenile, criminal, probate, or small claims matters in densely populated counties where the demand is typically higher. From county to county, there are significant differences in the creation, frequency, and jurisdiction of these extra courts.

In Indiana, there are 85 city and town courts that were established by local ordinance, usually handling minor offenses and not being thought of as courts of record. A county's auditor, recorder, treasurer, sheriff, coroner, and clerk of the circuit court are among the elected officials who serve four-year terms. In Indiana, the mayor and council form of local administration is used in all incorporated communities. Township trustees and advisory boards run townships, whereas town councils oversee towns.

Indiana was ranked top in U.S. News & World Report's first 2017 Best States for Government listing. Indiana performed above average in the following categories: budget transparency (#1), government digitization (#6), and fiscal stability (#8). Indiana performed averagely in the category of state integrity (#25). Indiana was ranked as the tenth-hardest state for residents to vote in by a 2020 study.


Indiana is the first state to have a chapel in its state capitol. It was built in memory of former first lady Beth Bowen. The state motto, adopted in 1937, is “The Crossroads of America.” The state seal has been used since 1801 and was officially adopted in 1963.


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